Here are some that are basic, easy to fish and have always worked for me on Small and Largemouths (and walleye too):
Spinner Bails Chartruse/Blue & White (StikeKing is a good one)
Rat L Trap (1/4 oz) black shad and bleeding shad
Bomber Model A (Medium Diving) crawdad and bass
Stanley Jigs - Black/Blue & Brown/Orange
Any worm, lizzard or crawdad soft plastics fished texas rig with a bullet slip sinker (1/16 or 1/8 oz) on a traditional worm hook
Everyone has there favorit ways to fish for bass and you could spend a lifetime trying to learn them all. If you want to learn to catch Bass And I mean Catch them!!! Get a book called "Bass Wisdom" by Homer Circle. Homer is the fishing editor of Field and Stream and also has a Q&A section in Bassmaster magazine. This old guy really knows what hes talking about. He teaches you how to read the water and find the bait that the fish are taking. He talks about Bass in a scietific way and is a GREAT writer/teacher. It will be the best 15 bucks you will ever spend on Bass Fishing.